Yesterday, FOMC published Beige Book which shows that activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace during the reporting period of early July through late August.
A few excerpts from the Fed classified by theme:
1/ Sum up
- Activity continued to expand at a modest to moderate pace during the reporting period of early July through late August. Eight Districts characterized growth as moderate; of the remaining four, Boston, Atlanta, and San Francisco reported modest growth, and Chicago indicated activity had improved.
- Reports indicated that consumer spending rose in most Districts. A few Districts mentioned that back-to-school sales contributed to overall consumer spending growth.
- Manufacturing activity expanded modestly during the reporting period.
4/ Nonfinancial Services
- Demand for nonfinancial services improved modestly overall since the previous Beige Book. Adjusting for seasonal fluctuations, providers of various professional and business services such as accounting, consulting, information, transportation, and legal services generally expanded their activities.
5/ Real Estate and Construction
- Activity in residential real estate markets increased moderately. The pace of sales of existing single-family homes continued to increase moderately in most Districts.
- Reports from several Districts suggested that rising home prices and mortgage interest rates may have spurred a pickup in recent market activity, as many “fence sitters” were prompted to commit to purchases.
- Many Districts reported that limited inventories of desirable properties contributed to upward price pressures.
- Demand for nonresidential real estate increased. Office vacancy rates and other indicators in markets for office space improved modestly in the major metropolitan markets.
6/ Banking and Finance
- Lending activity weakened a bit, and several Districts reported less-favorable conditions than in the preceding reporting period.
- Lending standards were largely unchanged, while credit quality improved.
7/ Employment and wages
- For most industries and occupations, hiring held steady or increased somewhat in most Districts.
- Wage pressures remained modest overall.
- Upward price pressures were subdued, and price increases were limited during the reporting period.
No surprise, the pace of growth remains historically weak as it keeps on expanding at a modest to moderate rate. Employment situation is slightly improving while inflation stays subdued. On the positive side, we can note that residential real estate market shows positive signs despite rising mortgage rates, however, on the negative side, financial conditions are weakening a bit with lower lending activity.
This analysis is broadly in line with Fed’s Williams comments yesterday which suggests that tapering should start later this year. At the opposite, this morning, Fed’s Kocherlakota said the central bank’s outlook for inflation and unemployment calls for more accommodation.
***Remind that all Fed members’ speeches concerning QE and economic activity since the last FOMC meeting (July 30-31) are available here.